Android 7.0 之拍照与图片裁剪适配

在Android 7.0以上,在相机拍照和图片裁剪上,可能会碰到以下一些错误:
Process: com.yuyh.imgsel, PID: 22995

// 错误1
android.os.FileUriExposedException: file:///storage/emulated/0/Android/data/com.yuyh.imgsel/cache/1486438962645.jpg exposed beyond app through ClipData.Item.getUri()

// 错误2
android.os.FileUriExposedException: file:///storage/emulated/0/DCIM/RxGalleryFinal/IMG_20161018180127.jpg exposed beyond app through Intent.getData()
主要是由于在Android 7.0以后,用了Content Uri 替换了原本的File Uri,故在targetSdkVersion=24的时候,部分 “`Uri.fromFile()“` 方法就不适用了。 **File Uri 与 Content Uri 的区别** - File Uri 对应的是文件本身的存储路径 - Content Uri 对应的是文件在Content Provider的路径 所以在android 7.0 以上,我们就需要将File Uri转换为 Content Uri。具体转换方法如下:
/**
 * 转换 content:// uri
 * 
 * @param imageFile
 * @return
 */
public Uri getImageContentUri(File imageFile) {
    String filePath = imageFile.getAbsolutePath();
    Cursor cursor = getContentResolver().query(
            MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,
            new String[] { MediaStore.Images.Media._ID },
            MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA + "=? ",
            new String[] { filePath }, null);

    if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
        int id = cursor.getInt(cursor
                .getColumnIndex(MediaStore.MediaColumns._ID));
        Uri baseUri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media");
        return Uri.withAppendedPath(baseUri, "" + id);
    } else {
        if (imageFile.exists()) {
            ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
            values.put(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA, filePath);
            return getContentResolver().insert(
                    MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);
        } else {
            return null;
        }
    }
}
那么,我们在裁剪的时候,应该如下调用:
private void crop(String imagePath) {
    File file = new File("xxx.jpg");
    cropImagePath = file.getAbsolutePath();

    Intent intent = new Intent("com.android.camera.action.CROP");
    intent.setDataAndType(getImageContentUri(new File(imagePath)), "image/*");
    intent.putExtra("crop", "true");
    intent.putExtra("aspectX", config.aspectX);
    intent.putExtra("aspectY", config.aspectY);
    intent.putExtra("outputX", config.outputX);
    intent.putExtra("outputY", config.outputY);
    intent.putExtra("scale", true);
    intent.putExtra("return-data", false);
    intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(file));
    intent.putExtra("outputFormat", Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG.toString());
    intent.putExtra("noFaceDetection", true);
    startActivityForResult(intent, IMAGE_CROP_CODE);
}
这样就解决了裁剪的问题,但是!!拍照的时候就会出现以下错误:
Intent cameraIntent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
if (cameraIntent.resolveActivity(getActivity().getPackageManager()) != null) {
    tempFile = new File(FileUtils.createRootPath(getActivity()) + "/" + System.currentTimeMillis() + ".jpg");
    LogUtils.e(tempFile.getAbsolutePath());
    FileUtils.createFile(tempFile);
    cameraIntent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(tempFile));
    startActivityForResult(cameraIntent, REQUEST_CAMERA);
}
android.os.FileUriExposedException: file:///storage/emulated/0/Android/data/com.yuyh.imgsel/cache/1486438962645.jpg exposed beyond app through ClipData.Item.getUri()

这是因为拍照存储的文件,也需要以Content Uri的形式,故采用以下办法解决:

Step.1

修改AndroidManifest.xml

<application
    ...>

    <provider
        android:name="android.support.v4.content.FileProvider"
        android:authorities="{替换为你的包名}.provider"
        android:exported="false"
        android:grantUriPermissions="true">
        <meta-data
            android:name="android.support.FILE_PROVIDER_PATHS"
            android:resource="@xml/provider_paths"/>
    </provider>
</application>

Step.2

在res/xml/下新建provider_paths.xml文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<paths xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <external-path name="external_files" path="."/>
</paths>

Step.3

修改拍照时的参数

cameraIntent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, FileProvider.getUriForFile(getActivity(),BuildConfig.APPLICATION_ID + ".provider", tempFile)); //Uri.fromFile(tempFile)
搞定!
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